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Implants:  Who is allowed to operate them?

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Medical Implant Communications Service Frequency Table

MICS Designated Frequency Ranges   MICS = 402 to 405 MHz

This table is the frequency chart for the legal Medical Implant Communications Service. There is only 1 designated range (as of 4/1/2006 still) of frequencies. Each device must be registered for compliance and conflict avoidance. MICS, as it is called, uses certified private use grade, low power transmitters similar to Personal Radio Services equipment. However, the 402-405 MHz frequency band is available for MICS operations on a shared, secondary basis. The FCC determined that, compared to other available frequencies, the 402-405 MHz frequency band best meets the technical requirements of the MICS for a number of reasons. The 402-405 MHz frequencies have propagation characteristics conducive to the transmission of radio signals within the human body. In addition, equipment designed to operate in the 402-405 MHz band can fully satisfy the requirements of the MICS with respect to size, power, antenna performance, and receiver design. Further, the use of the 402-405 MHz band for the MICS is compatible with international frequency allocations. Finally, the use of the 402-405 MHz frequency band for the MICS does not pose a significant risk of interference to other radio operations in that band. MICS systems consist of the transmitters connected to medical implant devices, and programming, monitoring and control equipment. A Medical implant device is generally regarded as apparatus that is placed inside the human body for the purpose of performing diagnostic or therapeutic functions, such as cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators. Operation in the MICS is permitted by rule and without an individual license issued by the FCC. A person is permitted to operate medical implant transmitters connected to medical implant devices that have been implanted in that person by a duly authorized health care professional and medical implant programmer/control transmitters associated with their medical implant transmitter(s). Duly authorized health care professionals are permitted by rule to operate MICS transmitters. Manufacturers of medical implant devices and MICS transmitters and their representatives are authorized to operate transmitters in this service for the purpose of demonstrating such equipment to duly authorized health care professionals. No entity that is a foreign government or which is acting in its capacity as a representative of a foreign government is eligible to operate a MICS transmitter. The term 'duly authorized health care professional' means a physician or other individual authorized under state or federal law to provide health care services using medical implant devices. Operations that comply with the requirements of this part may be conducted under manual or automatic control.

The MICS was officially adopted by the FCC on October 10, 1999; this page was created the same day. The service rules for the equipment and use of the MICS include limitations on transmitter output power, out-of-band emissions, and protection of other services. Users of MICS transmitters must cooperate in the selection and use of channels in order to reduce interference and to make the most effective use of the authorized facilities. Most importantly, channels must be selected so as to avoid interference to other MICS transmissions. As a safeguard against such MICS to MICS interference, external medical implant programmer/control MICS transmitters must incorporate a mechanism for monitoring the channel or channels that the MICS system devices intend to occupy and, unless there is a medical implant event, may not initiate a MICS communications session unless certain 'access criteria' are met. A medical implant event is defined as an occurrence or the lack of an occurrence recognized by a medical implant device, or a duly authorized health care professional, that requires the transmission of data from a medical implant transmitter in order to protect the safety or well being of the person in whom the medical implant transmitter has been implanted. The Commission has clarified that regularly scheduled transmissions that are not instigated by a change in the patient’s medical condition do not qualify as medical implant events. A request for waiver to permit certification of implanted devices that emit periodic scheduled transmissions is pending. In addition, all MICS operations, as a consequence of their secondary status, must not cause harmful interference to stations in the Meteorological Aids, Meteorological Satellite, or Earth Exploration Satellite Services operating in the same or adjacent frequencies. Further, MICS stations must accept interference from such Meteorological Aids, Meteorological Satellite, or Earth Exploration Satellite Service stations. Any non-implanted MICS apparatus must be made available for inspection upon request by the FCC. Persons operating implanted medical implant transmitters must cooperate reasonably with the FCC in the resolution of interference complaints. For complete licensing information, see the FCC license information , here. This is the link to the FCC personal radio services available. You may also find interest in the Family Radio Service (FRS) Frequency Table, General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS) Frequency Table, Multi-Use Service (MURS) Frequency Table, Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) Frequency Table and the Citizens Band Radio (CB) Frequency Table. MICS is one of five Citizens Band Radio Services. The others are the (original) Citizens Band Radio Service at 27 MHz, the Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) at 216-217 MHz, the Low Power Radio Service (LPRS) at 216-217 MHz, and the Family Radio Service (FRS) at 460 MHz.

FCC Personal Radio Services
Personal radio services provide short-range, low power radio for personal communications, radio signaling, and business communications not provided for in other wireless services. The range of applications is wide, spanning from varied one- and two way voice communications systems to non-voice data transmission devices used for monitoring patients or operating equipment by radio control. Licensing and eligibility rules vary. Some personal radio services require a license grant from the FCC, while others require only that you use equipment that is properly authorized under the FCC's rules. See specific service pages for the licensing and eligibility details about each individual service.
The personal radio services are:

218-219 MHz Service - One or two way communications for transmission of information to subscribers within a specific service area.

Citizens Band (CB) Radio Service - 1-5 mile range two-way voice communication for use in personal and business activities.

Family Radio Service (FRS) - 1 mile range Citizen Band service for family use in their neighborhood or during group outings

General Mobile Radio Service (GMRS) - 5-25 mile range Citizen Band service for family use in their neighborhood or during group outings

Low Power Radio Service (LPRS) - private, one-way communications providing auditory assistance for persons with disability, language translation, and in educational settings, health care, law, and AMTS coast stations.

Medical Implant Communications Service (MICS) - for transmitting data in support of diagnostic or therapeutic functions associated with implanted medical devices.

Multi-Use Radio Service (MURS) - private, two-way, short-distance voice or datacommunications service for personal or business activities of the general public.

Personal Locator Beacons (PLB) - used by hikers, and people in remote locations to alert search and rescue personnel of a distress situation.

Radio Control Radio Service (R/C) - one-way non-voice radio service for on/off operation of devices at places distant from the operator.

Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) - for remote monitoring of patients' health through radio technology and transporting the data via a radio link to a remote location, such as a nurses' station.

Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS)
Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS)
American Society for Healthcare Engineering of the American Hospital Association (ASHE/AHA)
Rule Part
47 C.F.R, Part 95
The Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) is in the 608 – 614, 1395 – 1400, and 1427 – 1432 MHz range. WMTS spectrum is used for remote monitoring of a patient’s health. Wireless medical telemetry systems include devices to measure patients' vital signs and other important health parameters (e.g., pulse and respiration rates) and devices that transport the data via a radio link to a remote location, such as a nurses' station, equipped with a specialized radio receiver. For example, wireless cardiac monitors are often used to monitor patients following surgery.
Similar services include the Medical Device Radiocommunications Service (MedRadio).
Prior to establishing the Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS), medical telemetry devices operated on an unlicensed basis on vacant television channels 7-13 (174-216 MHz) and 14-46 (470-668 MHz) or on a licensed, but secondary basis to private land mobile devices in the 450-470 MHz band. This meant that wireless telemetry devices had to accept interference from the television broadcasters and private land mobile licensees.
Concerns over additional interference to medical telemetry devices became a greater issue as the transition from analog to digital television began. To help alleviate additional interference to wireless medical telemetry devices, the FCC took action to establish the Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS) in 2002 by allocating 14 MHz of spectrum for wireless medical telemetry.
Medical Device Radiocommunications Service (MedRadio)
Broadband Division
3.5 GHz Band
3650-3700 MHz Radio Service
Broadcast Auxiliary
Broadband Radio Service (BRS)
Broadband Radio (BRS) & Educational Broadband (EBS) Services
Educational Broadband Service (EBS)
Instructional Television Fixed (ITFS) See Educational Broadband Service
Local Television Transmission Service (LTTS)
Medical Device Radiocommunications Service (MedRadio)
Microwave Services
Millimeter Wave 70/80/90 GHz Service
Multipoint Distribution (MDS/MMDS) See Broadband Radio Service
Specialized Mobile Radio Service (SMR)
Wireless Communications Service (WCS)
Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS)

Rule Part
47 C.F.R, Part 95
The Medical Device Radiocommunications Service (MedRadio) is in the 401 – 406, 413 – 419, 426 – 432, 438 – 444, and 451 – 457 MHz range. MedRadio spectrum is used for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes in implanted medical devices as well as devices worn on a body. For example, MedRadio devices include implanted cardiac pacemakers and defibrillators as well as neuromuscular stimulators that help restore sensation, mobility, and other functions to limbs and organs.  In addition, Medical Body Area Networks (MBANs), which are low power networks of sensors worn on the body controlled by a hub device that is located either on the body or in close proximity to it, operate in the 2360-2400 MHz band.
Similar services include Wireless Medical Telemetry Service (WMTS).
The Medical Device Radiocommunications Service (MedRadio) dates back to 1999 when the FCC established the Medical Implant Communication Service (MICS). At that time, the FCC set aside three megahertz of spectrum at 402 – 405 MHz for medical implant devices. In 2009, the FCC created the Medical Device Radiocommunications Service (MedRadio) in the 401 – 406 MHz range. The creation of the MedRadio Service incorporated the existing MICS spectrum at 402 – 405 MHz and added additional spectrum at 401 – 402 MHz and 405 – 406 MHz for a total of five megahertz of spectrum for implanted devices as well as devices worn on the actual body.
Also in 2009, the FCC released a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking seeking comment on a petition for rulemaking filed by Alfred Mann Foundation to allow up to 24 MHz of additional spectrum in the MedRadio Service for implanted devices that help restore sensation, mobility, and other functions to limbs and organs. The technical term for these devices is Medical Micro-Power Networks (MMNs). The FCC released an Order in November 2011 that expanded the amount of spectrum in MedRadio Service based on the Alfred Mann petition for rulemaking.  
In 2012, the Commission released a first Report and Order modifying the MedRadio rules to enable the deployment of MBAN devices in the 2360-2400 MHz band.  In the Order on Reconsideration and Second Report and Order, released in 2014, the Commission modified certain requirements and finalized the process for selecting the MBAN frequency coordinator for the 2360-2390 portion of the band.  In 2015, the Enterprise Wireless Alliance was designated as the MBAN frequency coordinator.